How To Make A Comparative Analysis Essay

Comparative analysis essay

As part of academic requirements, students will be asked to write an essay that compares two different texts, people, theoretical ideas or historical events. A comparative analysis essay focus on finding the most significant differences or similarities about facts or events. When analyzing two items, the author can either analyze the similarities or the difference or combine both the differences and similarities.

How to start

In every, essay introduction is necessary because it provides the reader the idea of is to follow in the following paragraphs. A good essay introduction needs to grab the reader’s attention, presenting brief background information about the topic to be analyzed to prepare the audience for what to expect. A good introduction can start with an anecdote that leads the reader to the topic of discussion.

The introduction not only presents things to be compared but also present the overall objective of the analysis that is the author’s message. During the introduction, it is important to state whether you will present the similarities, or the difference or both.  A good thesis should make the relationship between two items because it is this relationship that the author will use to build his arguments in the following paragraphs.

When writing a comparative analysis, you need to state all the common features of item A, and B then followed by their difference. A good introduction also presents the general statement about the items or the events to be compared.  The introduction should present a concise and clear thesis statement expressed in a single sentence. The thesis should indicate the nature of the texts or events to be analyzed, including their relationship as part of your thesis claim.

Below is an example of a good introduction.

“In high school students find it difficult to form positive relationships with teachers, they view teachers as their enemy, however, after several years, students learn to appreciate the efforts made by teachers. Some teachers can be bad while others are good.”

Thesis example

A good thesis statement should present the intention of the author in comparing the text or events.

For example:

“Although Madam Mary and Mrs. Janise are among the most respected teachers in our school, their teaching styles differ significantly.  Even though Madam Mary can be strict, she ensures that students feel comfortable and encourage us to work hard. Mrs. Janise allows students to express themselves using practical approaches during his lesson freely. She does not follow strict guidelines, she gives each student individualized attention.”

How to write body paragraphs

The body paragraph should further elaborate the differences, stating the main points in each paragraph and supporting the points using examples.

For example:

“As compared to Mrs. Janise, Madam Mary strictness is visible because she ensures that students hand in their class work. She collects all the books every day, and anyone who does not complete his class work is punished. “

When comparing two people, it is important to use appropriate transitional words that link your argument to the thesis. Without these links, readers cannot understand the logic of your arguments. When comparing items, you need to use a transitional expression to present the difference between the two things being compared. Some of the transitional expressions like similarly, likewise and both can be ideal when writing a comparative analysis.

Conclusion

A good conclusion of a comparative essay tries to convince the audience about the differences or similarities of two issues discussed by closing up the argument. The conclusion is the last section of an essay, a good conclusion gives the audience something to think about or an enlightened reason. The conclusion should not summarize, but extend the main points to offer better insight of the discussion. In the end, the essay presents a brief summary of the main argument points presented in the essay body before drawing a wider conclusion presenting a wider perspective of the issue.

Below is an example of a comparative analysis conclusion.

“Madam Mary and Mrs. Janise have different teaching styles that make students develop a positive attitude towards learning, though they do this in varied ways. Madam Mary is strict and emphasizes on quality work, Mrs. Janise uses a more personal approach to learning. Their approach to teaching is beneficial to a diverse community because students respond differently to learning. Instead of viewing them as enemies student looks at them as role models because they offer inspiration in varied ways.”

Outline example

I. Introduction

  1. Present the two events or items to be compared and the reason behind their worthiness
  2. Present background and reason for comparison
  3. Thesis statement to justify the comparison

II. Body paragraphs

  1. The main idea statement
  2. Elaborate the idea presenting examples or evidence
  3. Present the similarities and the differences between the two events or people
  4. Justify the differences and the similarities using experience, facts, and examples

III. Conclusion

  1. Summary of the key points presented
  2. Restating the thesis
  3. Present a wider perspective of the argument
  4. Closing argument
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