What is an Essay Writing Process?

October 31, 2022 Jun
essay writing process

What is an essay writing process?

An essay’s goal is to show that you can:

●        Read and research to learn more and understand more.

●        Use essay information to make clear, convincing arguments.

●        Use academic etiquette

●        Learning the skills necessary to write good essays

A variety of abilities are needed for essay preparation and writing, including:

●        Successful reading

●        Analysis 

●        Note-taking

●        Writing

●        Changing and rewriting

●        Following academic rules, such as citing sources

essay writing process

Steps to writing a successful essay

The steps are as follows:

1.     Make a schedule

What is the first step in the essay writing process?  It’s making a schedule. Using an annual or monthly time planner, make a plan that gives you time to think about the question, do research, write and check your work. Up to 80% of the time you have will be spent researching and writing, but you also need to give yourself enough time to check your references and proofread your work before turning it in.

When given a writing essay, you need to find out what kind of writing is expected. For example, common types of academic writing like essays, reports, literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, and reflective writing all have their requirements, and rules for organization, structure, and grammar.

For example, a typical essay has a beginning, a middle, and an end. It is written in paragraphs and often doesn’t have headers or titles. It is written in an official, “objective” tone, and you don’t have to talk about yourself directly. In the end, there is also a Reference List or Bibliography.

2.     Reflecting on the query

What are you supposed to do, think about it? What is the main point of the question? What part of it should you look into? Does it limit the range of your answer in any way? Does the inquiry ask you to show that you have a critical understanding of certain theories or methods? Most importantly, think about whether the question has a “verb of instruction” that tells you to “discuss,” “justify,” or “compare.” Follow the instructions that the instructor gives.

This step is to find out what you have to do for the essay. Taking your time with this step will save you time and pain in the long run. Look carefully at the task question, or the statement or question you need to answer. For Example, By comparing the two ideas, you can figure out which one is the most useful. 

3.     Doing your research

How to get started to Make a list of all the ideas, theories, procedures, and examples you already know from reading, classes, and seminars that might be related to the topic. This list should show that you know what’s going on. Choose the things you think are the most important and start your research there.  You now need to find information to put in your essay. You are looking for information that you can use in your plan.


Look at the book titles, contents pages, introductions, index pages, and journal summaries to figure out if the material might have the information you need. As you quickly read through it, mark any chapters or pages that seem to have information about the question (just meant to obtain the sense of the article). You may be able to narrow your search even more by “scanning” certain sections. This means reading more carefully, but not in-depth, to find important lines or paragraphs that directly answer the question.

Read out loud and make changes to your plan as you go. Fill out the plan with bullet points and SHORT information about references (author name, page number, or URL). Don’t forget this because it will make it easy to find the information if you need it in the future.

Taking notes:

As you read, make sure to write down the source’s bibliographic information, the main points the author is making, any important examples or supporting evidence, and any objections you may have, such as that the author hasn’t looked at other points of view, which you can use later to show that you evaluated your supporting evidence critically. Last but not least, make it clear which words are the author’s and which are yours (using quote marks as a minimum).

4.     Drafting and editing

Outline of essay:

Before you start writing, put your research materials into groups based on topics or different parts of the subject. Find the main ideas or arguments that come up with each one and the evidence that backs them up. Now you can write out a plan that shows the logical order in which you will talk about different parts of the issue, the main point you want to make about each one, and the evidence you will use to back it up.

After looking at the outline, make a plan. This is one way to put your thoughts on paper or in a Word document in a way that makes sense.

essay writing process

Essay outline: Essays are made up of three main parts:

Before talking about the specific question that will be answered, the argument that will be made, and the important ideas or methods that will be used, the introduction (5–10% of the word count) should quickly set the scene or background for the inquiry. Lastly, it will show how you will answer the question and how your discussion will go. 

The main body (80–90% of the word count) is broken up into paragraphs, which are long blocks of text with many sentences. Each paragraph makes a key point about a certain part of the issue and expands on it by showing and talking about data from your study that backs up that point. As each point in each paragraph is made, a bigger answer to the question is built up. It’s usually best to write your introduction after you’ve seen how your argument is shaping up since you can say this in your introduction and then repeat it in your conclusion. 

The conclusion (5–10% of the total number of words) sums up the main points you’ve made in your essay and reminds the reader of the most important details you’ve used to back them up. It is best to put all of these points together into a single argument that answers the question right away. 

5.     Process of writing

How to get started You might start by writing the most important body paragraphs. Does it become clear as you write which part of the question each paragraph answers? Do my arguments and details that back them up hold up? Do I respond to the query? Have I given the facts, examples, and analysis that are needed to back up what I’m saying? Are the sentences inside the paragraphs in the right order to show how the topic changes and how the paragraphs (points) are put together?

Write a rough draft of what you want to say. Keep in mind that this part of the process comes quite late. When you use research-to-plan transfer, you’ll already know what you need to know when you’re ready to start writing the real paper. It also helps a lot with getting past writer’s block.

Try turning your bullet points into sentences and connecting them into paragraphs as a technique to begin writing. Writing takes time and doesn’t just happen all at once. Check out the steps that come next.  Just write. At this stage, don’t worry about word count; let your thoughts flow onto the paper.

Your first draft could be used to improve the structure and content of the essay. You can improve the flow and clarity of your writing by using stronger linking phrases between paragraphs, making sure that the first sentence of each paragraph makes it clear what the rest of the paragraph is about, and making sure that the meaning of each sentence is clear when all the important parts are there, including your introduction and conclusion.

When you are writing the second draft, you have to go back and make changes.  At this point, you could trim out pieces that are redundant or unnecessary, rearrange things, or determine what you don’t need. For instance, if you have six definitions, you might decide to cut that down to three.


Go back through the text and “fine-trim” it. Work on your spelling, grammar, and references, and make sure your writing is clear and answers the question. Now, look at the word count. For example, a 2000-word essay should have between 1800 and 2200 words. 

Do the last edit (the last draft) a day or two before you send it in. The work should be printed and edited by hand until it has the right number of words. Make changes in the following:

●        Spelling, grammatical, and other mistakes

●        Formatting

●        Line spacing

●        Page breaks

●        Using the same font

●        Headers where they are needed

The reference list and in-text citations are set up correctly, and there are enough sources. Please remember how important step breaks are. They give you a chance to step back from your writing, feel refreshed, and look at it in a new way. 

6.     Rereading to check for errors

Errors cost points. Check your essay for spelling mistakes, but keep in mind that spellcheck isn’t perfect and can miss mistakes with words like “to,” “two,” and “too.” In general, you should use the third person (instead of “I will show” or “this essay will show”), so check this and the rest of your grammar and punctuation. Above all, make sure that your reference is correct and complete, and that your presentation follows all formatting rules, such as those about typefaces, type size, line spacing, and word count.

One last tip about proofreading

●        Read your work out loud to yourself to find mistakes your eyes might miss (like repetition or lengthy phrases).

●        A physical copy might be easier to proofread than a digital one, but you need to be careful when making changes to digital copies.

●        Use a ruler to go over your essay line by line. This will help you focus.

●        Check it over many times, focusing on a different part each time (e.g. Referencing, or grammar and punctuation).

Submit the essay.

Make sure you finish the essay by the due date. Check how, where, when, and when you have to send in your work. Know that “stuff happens” and be ready for things like printer jams, sick people, etc. If you can’t turn in your work on time, tell the teachers and be honest.