Poverty Causes Crime (Essay Sample)

Poverty Causes Crime

In relative terms, poverty describes the deprivation of people’s standard means of living. Several interrelated issues like economic, education, social, demographic and political influences one’s access to basic amenities. Crime is the unlawful acts or deeds as defined by the legal system or society, for example, theft, violence, terrorism, drug abuse, robbery and murder. Tough economic times have drawn individuals to engage in various activities just to get cash to meet the basic necessities.  Poverty is just but one of the factors that lead to misconduct.

In spite of a large number of people having high educational levels, the unemployment rate is quite high leaving the graduates jobless. What really happens to the influx of the desperate graduates in a jobless market? Karl Marx stated that delinquency was an inevitable consequence of the economic class struggle. No one enjoys being poor thus, each human being struggles to join the upper class in society. To be alive one needs to eat and drink and without these basics, the individual has no option but to engage in crime if that’s the viable option at that time. Furthermore, the strain theory stipulates that the poverty-environment upon which individuals reside forces them to strive for power and wealth. In most cases, the well-off have favorable conditions to remain wealthy while the suppressed poor have limited avenues making them turn to crime as the best solution.

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Unlike other employment opportunities, committing a crime requires no certification or schooling level. Delinquency is greatly attributed to the poor people due to the strive to survive. In regard to the poor, engaging in any activity that promises a turnover is worth their life. Usually, the vicious cycle of poverty and crime among the destitute continues through. For instance, the Black Americans are identifiable to America’s crimes and they form the largest percentage of the poor in the country. This identity has led to many justice systems and officials victimizing them against the Whites.

The stigmatization emanating from being underprivileged in some societies forces individuals to engage in wrongdoing. Largely, white-collar crimes offer huge cash that can elevate the social standards of an individual. Otherwise, the individual with no qualification will have to work for pennies that will keep him a meager for life. Also, poverty affects the psychological capability of a person. The social labeling of certain poor groups as crime centered then, a criminal in such an ethnic gathering implies a moral value. Stereotyping of destitute people as criminals, in essence, makes them identify with such accusation thus, committing crimes for recognition purposes. For instance, an underprivileged delinquent child may get punished while letting free a well-to-do aberrant child. Societal construction of poverty and richness has defined the roots for the unending poverty chains among the poor in communities.

Despite the presence of other factors influencing crime, poverty increases the opportunity cost for the young people with less access to socially constructive activities to engage in crime. Moreover, this unfortunate group of people spends time idling and loitering in streets exposing themselves to risks of being introduced to criminal activities. On the other hand, discrimination and inequality that comes with class differences based on income affect the state of crime. Most underprivileged people get low wages and less access to social amenities. The partiality in service delivery across the two groups encourages crime occurrence to enable the poor get out of such conditions.

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