The Best Guide to Essay Writing Process You Need

October 28, 2022 Jun
Essay Writing Process

The Best Guide to Essay Writing Process You Need

An “essay” is a piece of writing that gives the author’s opinion on a subject, whether it’s scholarly, editorial, or even funny. Even though there are many ways to write an essay and an endless number of possible topics, we’ve found that the best essays usually follow a set structure.

We’ll go over that structure and how to use it in every type of essay you write below. But let’s start with the topic, which is what every good essay is built on.

Essay Writing Process

Your essay must have a central point or thesis statement

Before you start writing your essay, you should think about your argument, the type of essay, and who you are writing it for. Your essay’s main idea, or thesis, is by far the most important of these. Your thesis statement is a short summary of the main point you want to make. In his article “In Praise of Idleness,” Bertrand Russell says that people put too much value on work and don’t value their free time. Essays sometimes go off on tangents that have nothing to do with the main point, but they always come back to it.

You should always choose your thesis before you start writing. If you can’t decide, you might ask yourself, “What is the one thing I want the person reading my essay to remember?” The best way to do this is to introduce your point of view as soon as possible, maybe even in your topic sentence. Also, you should say it over and over again in the essay, especially when you’re summarising your main points at the end.

So, the rest of your essay backs up what you said in your thesis. Anything that gets the job done can be used, like facts, testimonies, logical conclusions, or even a convincing speech. The key is to build on your original idea instead of going in a different direction.

Types of essays

Like any other type of writing, there are many different ways to write an essay. As with admissions essays, sometimes the assignment tells you what kind of essay to write, and sometimes the thesis does. Still, it’s good to know what kinds of essays you can write, so here are some of the most common ones:

Argumentative essay

Argumentative essays provide or support a viewpoint. When writing your first college essay, keep in mind that this is the most common type of schoolwork.

Admission essays

Most universities want you to include an admissions essay with your application. This essay is usually about why you want to go to their school.

Persuasive essay

The term “persuasive essay” refers to a piece of writing that tries to convince the reader of something. It is similar to an argumentative essay in that it strongly supports a certain point of view. However, persuasive essays must also convince the reader of their point of view, while argumentative essays only need to give their point of view.

A comparison and contrast essay

When you want to give equal weight to two topics that couldn’t be more different, a comparison and contrast essay is better than an argumentative or persuasive essay.

Personal or individual essay

Personal essays, like those written by David Sedaris, often tell stories or real events from the writer’s life. Since they are usually based on stories, the thesis can be flexible or open to interpretation.

Expository essay

An expository essay goes into detail about a certain topic to help the reader understand it better. Except for one important exception, explanatory essays, unlike argumentative and persuasive essays, don’t have a bias.

Find out who will be reading your essay

The last thing you should think about is who will read your essay. This could be a teacher, an admissions officer, your classmates, the general public online, etc.

No matter what you’re writing, you should always think about who you’re writing for. First of all, the audience determines whether the essay is formal or informal, which has a big impact on the language, word choice, and style. Emojis are one example: They might be okay in an essay that sounds like a conversation, but they are not the best choice for professional writing. Your audience also affects the tone of your essay, or how you sound emotionally (enthusiastic, cautious, confident, etc.). 

Essay Writing Process

What is the essay writing process?

It’s important to use a good writing process when writing an essay, research paper, term paper, book, short story, poem, screenplay, blog post about essay writing, or really anything else. how to write an essay on your writing process? Continue to read to know more. Even if you like to write your first draft in a stream-of-consciousness style, you still need to have a plan so you can edit and improve it.

For essays, we recommend using the traditional five-step of the writing process:

Idea generation

Brainstorming is a good way to get your ideas together before you start writing. Based on the topic or your argument, try to come up with as many ideas as you can for your essay. Think about as many as you have time for, knowing that you may have to give up on some of them if they don’t work out.

Setting up

During the planning stage, you will make a plan for your essay and find sources to back it up. Look at what came out of your session of brainstorming. Before putting them in a logical order, you should first figure out which ideas are most important to your argument. At this step, you will add your essay format, which we will talk about below.

Find any extra information or evidence as soon as possible. How you format your citations will depend on the style guide you’re using. The most common academic style guides are MLA, APA, and Chicago. Each has specific rules for citing any kind of source, such as books, articles, websites, speeches, and YouTube videos.


At this point in the process of writing an essay, you sit down and write your first draft. This is not your last draft, so don’t feel like you have to make everything perfect. Instead, tell yourself it’s okay to mess up. If you focus on getting every single phrase right, you won’t be able to see the bigger picture.


The revisions stage includes your second draft, third draft, and if needed, your twelfth draft. Talk about all the small details and finer points that you skipped over in the first draft.

Pay attention to the words you use, how clear they are, and more advanced writing techniques like avoiding the passive voice. If you’re not sure about your writing skills, the Grammarly Editor makes sure your writing is clear, concise, and easy to understand by suggesting words and ways to structure sentences as you write. Grammarly catches common mistakes like run-on sentences, sentence fragments, the use of passive voice, and other problems with how sentences are put together.


After all of the big changes have been made, it’s time to add the finishing touches. Check your essay for typos, problems with the way it is formatted, and grammatical errors. You can also use the AI-powered writing helper on Grammarly to find these common mistakes. You can also copy and paste your text to get immediate feedback on any grammar, spelling, punctuation, or other mistakes you may have missed.

Structure of essay

Essays almost always have a clear start, middle, and end, or, in this case, an introduction, body, and conclusion. But what is written in those places is what really makes a difference.


Essays follow the same rules for introductions as other types of writing, with the added focus on making the thesis statement stand out, preferably in the subject phrase. By the time you write your first paragraph, your reader should already know what your essay is about. After that, you should stick to the usual rules for writing an introduction.

Body sentences

Most of your essay is made up of body paragraphs, which are all based on evidence and help prove your thesis.

Keep a close eye on how your body paragraphs are put together. Some arguments are stronger when they make a logical progression from one point to the next, and then from the second point to the third point. When putting together your paragraphs, keep in mind that the reader doesn’t know as much about the topic as you do (that’s why you’re writing the essay).

What happens when you compare and contrast at least two points of view in an argumentative paper? Do you start with the other side’s point of view and then refute it, or do you make your own case first and then refute it?

When it comes to how to organize an argumentative essay, serious writers can get pretty complicated. Especially often used are the Aristotelian (classical), Rogerian, and Toulmin methods. But this could get complicated, so for a simple essay, the following basic structure would work fine:


In the end of an essay, you should quickly and clearly restate or summarise your main points. If you have the chance, you can give a new perspective or context for understanding your thesis, but in general, the conclusion shouldn’t offer any new proof or supporting information. It’s more like going over old ground. Read this article about how to write a conclusion for an essay for more information.

Five paragraphs in an essay

If you’re writing something short and simple, you don’t have to make your essay format too complicated. The format of a five-paragraph essay works in a pinch. Among these are

  • a single paragraph to start.
  • The body has three paragraphs.
  • Just one last paragraph

Even though this style of essay might not be flexible enough for more complicated topics, it is useful when speed is important, like on timed tests.